IPv6 is becoming a member of IPv4 very quickly as a result of IPv4 goes to deplete someplace inside 2011. It is actually essential to start out educating your self about IPv6 as quickly as potential so you may experience the wave simply in the fitting time 192 168 0 254.
Everyone knows the traditional Unicast, Multicast and Broadcast addressing forms of IPv4. The unicast and the multicast are nonetheless utilized by IPv6 whereas the latter is not used. IPv6 additionally has three deal with varieties as outlined under:
Unicast Addresses: That is the one you already know, unicast addresses are assigned to hosts and router interfaces. Packets addressed to a unicast deal with are delivered to a single host or router interface outlined with that deal with.
Multicast Addresses: These are addresses that symbolize numerous teams of IP units: a message despatched to a multicast deal with goes to all units within the group. That is generally used for functions like video conferencing.
Anycast Addresses: Anycast deal with identifies a number of interfaces. Packets destined to anycast deal with are delivered to the closest interface recognized by the deal with. The closest is decided primarily based on the community routing protocols and routing tables.Anycast addressing is used when a message should be despatched to any member of a gaggle, however doesn’t have to be despatched to all of them. A typical utility for anycast addressing approach is load sharing.
The conventional broadcast addressing of IPv4 is just not present in IPv6. Broadcast site visitors of IPv4 is dealt with utilizing multicast deal with kind of IPv6.
In all circumstances, IPv6 addresses establish interfaces, not nodes. A node is recognized by any unicast deal with assigned to any one in all its interfaces.